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Terrorism : Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2001

By Department of National Security

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Book Id: WPLBN0000661577
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 291,876 KB.
Reproduction Date: 2005
Full Text

Title: Terrorism : Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2001  
Author: Department of National Security
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government Reference Publication, Transportation., Transportation Administrative Service Center (U.S.)
Collections: National Security Archive Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Transportation Security Administration

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

National Security, D. O. (n.d.). Terrorism : Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2001. Retrieved from http://ebooklibrary.org/


Excerpt
This report is an annual analysis of Near Eastern terrorist groups and countries on the U.S.?terrorism list, ? a list of countries that the Secretary of Commerce and Secretary of State have determined provide repeated support for international terrorism.2 Five out of the seven states currently on the terrorism list are located in the Near East region ? Iran, Iraq, Syria, Libya, and Sudan. (The other two are Cuba and North Korea, which will not be covered in this report). The composition of the list has not changed since Sudan was added in 1993. The groups analyzed in this report include, but are not limited to, those designated as ?Foreign Terrorist Organizations? (FTO?s), pursuant to the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-132). The last section of the report discusses significant themes in U.S. unilateral and multilateral efforts to combat terrorism in or from the region. The State Department?s annual report on international terrorism, entitled Patterns of Global Terrorism: 20003 is a significant source for this report; other sources include press reports and conversations with U.S. counter-terrorism officials, experts, investigative journalists, and foreign diplomats.

Table of Contents
Contents Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Radical Islamic Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Hizballah (Party of God) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Hizballah?s Persian Gulf Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Specially Designated Terrorists (SDTs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Blocked Assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Blocked Assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 SDTs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 The Islamic Group and Al-Jihad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 SDTs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Al-Qaida (Usama bin Ladin Network) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 SDTs/August 20, 1998 Executive Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Blocked Assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 The Armed Islamic Group(GIA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Harakat ul-Mujahidin/Islamist Groups in Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Other Islamist Groups in Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Abu Sayyaf Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Islamic Army of Aden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Radical Jewish Groups: Kach and Kahane Chai . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Blocked Assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Leftwing and Nationalist Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine ? General Command (PFLP-GC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 SDTs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 SDTs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Palestine Liberation Front (PLF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 SDTs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Abu Nidal Organization (ANO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 SDTs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Other Non-Islamist Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Kurdistan Workers? Party (PKK) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Revolutionary People?s Liberation Party/Front (DHKP/C) . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 The People?s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Middle Eastern Terrorism List Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Syria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Libya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

 

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