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Philosophy


Philosophy as a category is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument. The word "philosophy" comes from the Greek philosophia, which literally means "love of wisdom".

 
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Sacred Books

By: M. Winternitz

THE period covered by the inception, the publication, and the completion of the Sacred Books of the East exactly coincides with the thirty-four years that I have spent in Oxford. When I matriculated, Professor Max Muller, the editor of the series, was about to begin work on the first volume, which appeared while I was still an undergraduate. I lost no time in making his acquaintance, for it was the influence of one of his works that had stimulated me to begin under Pro...

Habeltt sua lata libelli-not only after they have been published, but sometimes even before they are printed. It was in the spring of 1894 that the late Professor Max Muller first suggested to me that I should compile a General Index of the names and subject-matter for the complete series of the Sacred Books of the East. Such an Index, he thought, would be a great help to all students of the Sacred Books of tile East, and of the greatest value for the study of the history of religions.

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Watermelon Credo

By: Wally Amos

Due to the success of my Watermelon Credo Post, I created this book. Each letter in the word WATERMELON is a chapter. The W in Watermelon stands for: Whatever you believe creates your reality. And this book is a perfect example.What began as a wall poster is now a book. In his latest and happiest work yet, Wally Amos spells out in heart-warming, well-chosen words how to fill your life with inspiration and fun. Renowned as a cookie man and motivational speaker, Wally draw...

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Διάσημοι Άνθρωποι : Τί η Ζωή τους Αποκαλύπτει

By: George Pan Kouloukis

Μόλις τελειώσετε το διάβασμα αυτού του βιβλίου θα μπορείτε να ξέρετε αν τα αμέσως επόμενα χρόνια θα είναι για σας καλά ή άσχημα –και πόσο αυτό θα διαρκέσει. Θα μπορείτε έτσι να ενεργήσετε ανάλογα: αν καταιγίδα φαίνεται στον ορίζοντα, θα μπορέσετε να καλυφθείτε εγκαίρως, ενώ αν έρχονται ηλιόλουστες μέρες, θα επωφεληθείτε απ’ αυτές, πριν περάσει η ευκαιρία. Με δυο λόγια, θα μπορείτε να παίρνετε κρίσιμες αποφάσεις που αφορούν την καριέρα σας, τον γάμο σας, την οικογένειά σα...

1. Λούντβιχ βαν Mπετόβεν O Mπετόβεν γεννήθηκε το 1770. Δεν ξέρουμε αρκετά για τα πρώτα πέντε χρόνια της ζωής του ώστε να πούμε αν αυτά ήσαν καλή ή άσχημη εποχή. Aλλά από το 1776 και μετά, ξέρουμε ότι είχε μια ευχάριστη παιδική ηλικία. Καίτοι η οικογένειά του ήταν φτωχή και ο πατέρας του αυστηρός και απότομος, είχε την τύχη να έχει μια μητέρα υπέροχη με λεπτά και ευγενικά αισθήματα δίπλα στην οποία περνούσε γαλήνιες ώρες αγάπης και ευτυχίας. Συγχρόνως είχε αρκετούς φίλο...

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Les réalités de la réalité - deuxième partie : vers une compréhens...

By: Fritz Dufour

La différence entre la première partie et la deuxième partie – volumes 1 et 2 – de cette série est que, dans la première partie, l'auteur a montré comment ce que nous appelons la réalité commence avec le moi intérieur, alors que la deuxième partie décrit ce qui, en réalité, affecte et modifie l'environnement ou la réalité et quels sont les facteurs derrière cette dynamique. Ce qui impacte et modifie l'environnement, c'est la science. Ce volume 2 commence par montrer comm...

Si la science se définit comme tout ce qui peut changer ou potentiellement changer l'environnement, il va sans dire que la science est aussi tout ce qui peut changer ou potentiellement changer l'homme lui-même parce que l'homme est au centre de la science. La nature de la science reflète la nature de l'homme. Bien que la science ne soit pas stationnaire et qu'elle change à mesure que notre environnement change, étant donné que la méthode scientifique et les paradigmes sc...

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The Realities of Reality - Part II: Making Sense of Why Modern Sci...

By: Fritz Dufour

The difference between Part I and Part II – Volumes 1 & 2 – of this series, is that in Part I the author showed how what we call reality starts with the inner self whereas Part II describes what, in fact, impacts and modifies the environment or reality and what are the factors behind that dynamics. What impacts and modifies the environment is science. This Volume 2 starts by showing how technology plays an important role in scientific progress. Although the relationship ...

If science is defined as anything that can change or potentially change the environment, it goes without saying that science is also anything that can change or potentially change man himself because man is at the center of science. The nature of science reflects the nature of man. Although science is not stationary and that it changes as our environment changes, because scientific method and scientific paradigms change at different eras, scientific progress is multiface...

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The Singularities as Ontological Limits of the General Relativity

By: Nicolae Sfetcu

The singularities from the general relativity resulting by solving Einstein's equations were and still are the subject of many scientific debates: Are there singularities in spacetime, or not? Big Bang was an initial singularity? If singularities exist, what is their ontology? Is the general theory of relativity a theory that has shown its limits in this case? In this essay I argue that there are singularities, and the general theory of relativity, as any other scientif...

In classical vision, space and time are containers; matter is the content. The distinctive property of matter is that it carries energy and impulse, preserved over time, resulting in energy and impulse being fundamental ontologically. (Norton 2012) GR generated various early philosophical interpretations. His adherents have highlighted the "relativization of inertia" and the concept of simultaneity, Kantians and Neo-Kantians have underlined the approach of certain syn...

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My Philosophical Ideas, Vol 3

By: Antonio Pinto Renedo

This book represents a journey through the world through meditation.

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My philosophical ideas 2

By: Antonio Pinto Renedo

This book represents a journey through the world through meditation

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Asamvedophanishad, Being Begins Where Bhaava Ends (Ubiquitous Maay...

By: Avyakta Anaamika

This is the only authentic and complete edition of the Asamvedopanishad, which proclaims, “Being begins where bhaava ends” to reinforce the ancient vedaantic Nirguna/ Non-identity as both the Means and End of Self-Realization/ Enlightenment. The mind is all bhaava, fabricating endless identities, the network of Maayaa. The root identity, Ahambhaava, seals off Being/ Truth, which defies all identity. The Upanishad resurrects the sovereign Socratic Enlightenment, freeing ...

People around tell you that if you had spiritual freedom you could get out of your sad predicament and you seek freedom accordingly. So it honestly becomes freedom for you, not the real freedom from yourself, as Nisargadatta Maharaj so happily puts it.

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Isaac Newton despre acțiunea la distanță în gravitație - Cu sau fă...

By: Nicolae Sfetcu

Interpretarea textelor lui Isaac Newton a suscitat numeroase controverse, până în zilele noastre. Una din cele mai aprinse dezbateri este legată de acțiunea între două corpuri aflate la distanță unul de celălalt (atracția gravitațională), și în ce măsură Newton a implicat pe Dumnezeu în acest caz. Practic, majoritatea lucrărilor discută patru tipuri de atracții gravitaționale în cazul corpurilor aflate la distanță: acțiunea la distanță directă ca proprietate intrinsecă a...

Autorii la care apelez în argumentația mea au încercat să clarifice aspectele legate de acțiunea la distanță și implicarea lui Dumnezeu pe baza unor investigații textuale în principal din Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (prima ediție apărând în 1687), (Newton 1999b) corespondența lui Newton cu Richard Bentley (1692/93), (Bentley 1693) și Interogările pe care Newton le-a introdus la sfârșitul cărții Optica în primele trei ediții (între 1704 și 1721). (Newton...

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Mis ideas filosóficas, Vol 1

By: Antonio Pinto Renedo

Este libro representa un viaje por el mundo a traves de la meditación.

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Who Are You & Why Are You Here?

By: AiR AtmanInRavi

This book will help you start a quest, and then you can look for the answers you seek. It will give you a direction to help you reach your destination but it will not get you there. You have to walk. You must start, and you must not stop until you reach the top of the mountain. It may look steep and impossible. You will be challenged by your own mind. Some of your friends will tease you and the society might not understand your quest, but if you want to discover yourself...

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Time Travel

By: Nicolae Sfetcu

Time travel is a recognized concept in philosophy and science, but whose scope is highly disputed, giving rise to numerous paradoxes in both philosophy and science. Time travel is considered by some accepted both in general relativity and quantum mechanics, but there is a unanimous consensus that it is not feasible with current technology. (Hawkins 2010) The raised issues are different for the time travel in the past compared to the time travel in the future.

Time travel involves traveling in a time different from the present, in the past or in the future, basically without a space move with reference to a local coordinate system. Time travel can be made by a material body that may or may not be a living being, and for which a special device called the time machine is usually used. Time travel is a recognized concept in philosophy and science, but whose scope is highly disputed, giving rise to numerous paradoxes in both phil...

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Great Spiritual Leaders of History

By: Dennis Tucker

I feature many of the worlds most popular, Avatars, Enlightened Masters, and advanced Souls of the last 5000 years. I wanted to show that the Universal message of Truth can be found at all times and in all cultures. You will get to know the expected "Masters", but also a few that you may not have realized were highly advanced Souls.

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Success in Life : What Famous People's Lives Reveal

By: George Pan Kouloukis

This book changes profoundly the way we all cope with our life today. Among other things, you’ll see that when you are in a good season of our life, you mustn’t behave as if you assume that this season will never end. On the contrary, you have to take in time the necessary measures to face successfully the problems that may occur in the bad season that will follow. You must not be spendthrift, for example, but you have to save money for facing possible financial pr...

Chapter 1. Ludwig van Beethoven Beethoven was born in 1770. We don’t know enough about the first five years of his life to know whether it was a good or bad season. But from 1776 on, we know he had a pleasant childhood. Though his family was poor, and his father was strict and severe, he was lucky enough to have a devoted mother, and he spent happy hours in her presence. He also had many friends and many opportunities to have fun.* ________________________________...

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The A to Z of Karma

By: AiR AtmanInRavi

If you plant tomatoes, will you get mangoes? Of course not! How is that possible? As you sow, so shall you reap! Such is the Law of Karma! The world is well aware of this Universal Law. This law states that every action is followed by a corresponding reaction. What you give is what you get! The world works like a boomerang. What goes around comes around. While the Law of Karma exists, many people are not aware of this law. Because they ignore the law, they live wit...

If you plant tomatoes, will you get mangoes? Of course not! How is that possible? As you sow, so shall you reap! Such is the Law of Karma! The world is well aware of this Universal Law. This law states that every action is followed by a corresponding reaction. What you give is what you get! The world works like a boomerang. What goes around comes around. While the Law of Karma exists, many people are not aware of this law. Because they ignore the law, they live wit...

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The Prophet : Along with Malayalam translation.

By: Kahlil Gibran; VED from VICTORIA INSTITUTIONS, Translator

Malayalam translation

Almustafa, the chosen and the beloved, who was a dawn unto his own day, had waited twelve years in the city of Orphalese for his ship that was to return and bear him back to the isle of his birth. And in the twelfth year, on the seventh day of Ielool, the month of reaping, he climbed the hill without the city walls and looked seaward; and he beheld the ship coming with the mist. Then the gates of his heart were flung open, and his joy flew far over the sea. And he ...

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Asamvedopanishad : Being Begins Where Bhaava Ends

By: Anamika Anonymous

This is the only authentic and complete edition of the Asamvedopanishad, which proclaims, “Being begins where bhaava ends” to reinforce the ancient vedaantic Nirguna/ Non-identity as both the Means and End of Self-Realization/ Enlightenment. The mind is all bhaava, fabricating endless identities, the network of Maayaa. The root identity, Ahambhaava, seals off Being/ Truth, which defies all identity. The Upanishad resurrects the sovereign Socratic Enlightenment, freeing ...

BEING BEGINS WHERE BHAAVA ENDS

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Modal Cognitivism and Modal Expressivism

By: Hasen Khudairi

This paper aims to provide a mathematically tractable background against which to model both modal cognitivism and modal expressivism. I argue that epistemic modal algebras comprise a materially adequate fragment of the language of thought, and endeavor to show how such algebras provide the resources necessary to resolve Russell's paradox of propositions. I demonstrate, then, how modal expressivism can be regimented by modal coalgebraic automata, to which the above epist...

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Cognitivism about Epistemic Modality: Epistemic Modal Algebra, Hom...

By: Hasen Khudairi

This paper aims to vindicate the thesis that cognitive computational properties are abstract objects implemented in physical systems. I avail of the equivalence relations countenanced in Homotopy Type Theory, in order to specify an abstraction principle for intensional, computational properties. The homotopic abstraction principle for intensional mental functions provides an epistemic conduit into our knowledge of cognitive algorithms as abstract objects. I examine, then...

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